This question is one that financial planners want us to focus upon every day in their quest to increase our savings rates and their assets under management. We have previously reported on this subject in earlier blogs but one of the leading retirement savings managers, Fidelity Investments, published its findings on this subject last month. The story was the subject an amusingly contentious video clip posted on October 25 on MSN in its “Money” column.
Fidelity should have some knowledge on this subject. They manage 12,000,000 retirement accounts. The average balance is just over $70,000. But as with any prognostication, estimating costs decades ahead can be a frightening subject for any economist.
Fidelity’s conclusion as to required savings rates are expressed in terms of annual earnings. Their report concludes that by age 35 your savings for retirement should equal your salary at that time. Thus, if you are making $70,000 a year, by your 35th birthday you should have $75,000 invested. But the number climbs precipitously after that: For our discussion let’s keep the salary fixed at $70,000.
Age Salary Salary multiple Target Retirement Account Balance
45 70,000 3x $210,000
55 70,000 5x $350,000
67 70,000 8x $560,000
Fidelity assumes that their deposits will grow long term at the rate of 5.5%. The model is built upon the concept that a 25 year old would invest 6% of his earning and increase it by 1% per year until the rate reaches 12%. A 3% employer match is also assumed. Of course the 5.5% return is no more guaranteed than the cost of health insurance at age 67 can be estimated.
T. Rowe Price has issued a similar model but it concludes that a retiree at 67 will need 12x final salary or $840,000.
These targets can be helpful as a benchmark. But as we have stated in the past, retirement is not only a function of saving but formulating what your lifestyle will be once you have retired.
Most financial planners say that your expenses in retirement will be different but only 20% less than they were while you were working. We have recently seen a spate of clients nearing retirement who have undertaken major debt to help a child through graduate school or some other seemingly worthy enterprise. This has prevented retirement savings or even worse; resulted in huge obligations that retirees really won’t be able to pay off once they leave the workforce. It is one thing to profess that you will work until you drop. But, many of us don’t seem to realize that health problems could force retirement upon us.